In 2011-2012 there were approximately one million Australians with diabetes. 12% of Australians have Type 1 diabetes, which generally starts in childhood to early adulthood. In type 1 diabetes the body does not produce insulin, which converts sugar, starches and food into energy.
Type 2 diabetes is the more common type of diabetes in Australia, with 848,000 people having this disease. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not make enough insulin and the body has higher than normal blood glucose levels. Diabetes incidence increases with age, with approximately 95% occurring in those over 35 years and 50% in those aged 65 years or more*.