Overview
Understanding
Other Info About Diabetes and Other Endocrine Disorders

Overview

In 2011-2012 there were approximately one million Australians with diabetes. 12% of Australians have Type 1 diabetes, which generally starts in childhood to early adulthood. In type 1 diabetes the body does not produce insulin, which converts sugar, starches and food into energy.

Type 2 diabetes is the more common type of diabetes in Australia, with 848,000 people having this disease. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not make enough insulin and the body has higher than normal blood glucose levels. Diabetes incidence increases with age, with approximately 95% occurring in those over 35 years and 50% in those aged 65 years or more*.

* http://www.aihw.gov.au/how-common-is-diabetes

Understanding

Research shows that there is a higher prevalence of gum disease among people with diabetes; adding gum disease to other risk factors such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.

* http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/oral-health-and-hygiene/diabetes-and-oral-health.html

Other Info About Diabetes and Other Endocrine Disorders

Diagnosis

People who grind their teeth may be unaware of the habit because it typically occurs while they sleep. Bruxism can have far-reaching effects on oral health, including tooth wear or damage and the possible development of TMJ disorder. It is important to talk to your dentist if you think you are experiencing bruxism.

Prevention

If your bruxism is related to stress, therapy and relaxation techniques may help. It also may be a good idea to cut down on stimulants, such as tobacco and caffeine.

Treatment

The most effective solution is to use a professionally made night guard, which prevents the teeth from scraping against each other while you sleep. Your dentist may also have to restore damaged teeth with fillings or crowns to maintain the proper shape and size of the teeth.

Biofeedback can be used for daytime grinders with the use of electronic instruments that measure muscle activity. These people can be taught how to reduce muscle activity when the biting force becomes too extreme for them. In addition, hypnosis has been studied to help individuals who suffer from sleep bruxism.

Related Conditions

People with severe bruxism can break down teeth and damage dental fillings. Grinding or clenching the teeth together can cause the outer layers of enamel to wear away or crack, which may cause an increase in tooth sensitivity. Severe bruxism can cause:

  • Jaw dysfunction, also called temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD)
  • Headaches
  • Unexplained facial pain
  • Discomfort when eating, biting or talking

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